Doorman's repeated, unsuccessful, and ultimately fatal attempts to reach the transports concentrated the Japanese on the task of protecting the transports and allowed the damaged British cruiser to reach harbour. They departed on the evening of 28 February, but they were intercepted by the Japanese heavy cruisers Nachi, Haguro, Myōkō, and Ashigara, and by the destroyers Akebono, Inazuma, Yamakaze, and Kawakaze on the morning of 1 March. They were only partially successful as the German ship concentrated her main armament of six 283-millimetre (11.1 in) guns on Exeter, and her secondary armament of eight 149-millimetre (5.9 in) guns on the light cruisers. [19], The ship was hit by a total of seven 283 mm shells that killed 61 of her crew and wounded another 23. When World War II began in September 1939, the cruiser was assigned to patrol South American waters against German commerce raiders. In addition, a Type 284 fire-control radar was fitted to the DCT. Langsdorff opened fire on Exeter at 06:18 with high-explosive shells and she returned fire two minutes later at a range of 18,700 yards (17,100 m). ABERCROMBIE, monitor, Dardanelles 1915/16. We did our working up trials near the Denmark Straits while keeping an eye open for the 'Bismark' . Our crew have joined up to have a Standard made with all of the Battle honours of both HMS Exeter’s. The fifth HMS Exeter was a Type 42 Destroyer. In the Falklands conflict, under the command of Captain Hugh Balfour, she served with distinction, being involved in air defence of the Task Force and gaining battle honours. [42] The attacks continued as 27 G3Ms of the Mihoro Air Group then bombed from high altitude. HONOURS AWARDED TO INDIVIDUAL SHIPS (including single ship actions) ABDIEL, destroyer leader, Jutland 31 May 1916. [57], At about 0800, the British ships spotted two of the Japanese cruisers, one of which launched its spotting floatplanes. [15] The two other ships arrived on 12 December, and then the Admiral Graf Spee spotted the Exeter during the following morning. Reported as missing. Bell was educated at the Royal Naval Colleges at Dartmouth, Osborne, Isle of Wight and the Royal Navy Staff College at Greenwich. Winston Churchill greets the HMS Exeter on its return after the Battle of the River Plate. The lower deck over the machinery spaces and steering gear had a thickness of 1.5 inches (38 mm). [9], While under repair in 1940–1941 after her battle with the Admiral Graf Spee, the Royal Navy decided to upgrade her armament and fire-control systems. Without it, the ship was unlikely to be able to reach Germany. She was ordered in 1956, but cancelled in 1957. [18] The turret was repaired and she remained in action until flooding disabled the machinery for "Y" turret at 07:30. During the Falklands War, Exeter was credited with shooting down 2 x A4 Skyhawks, 1 x Canberra and 1 x Photo reconnaissance Lear Jet. Lieutenant Commander Dave Barnes whose first ship was HMS Exeter said “Whilst serving in HMS Montrose, whose predecessor too served in the Second World War, sharing a Battle Honour with HMS Encounter for the 1939 Atlantic Campaign, and with HMS Exeter being a former ship of mine, it was particularly poignant to remember and pay our respects to those who lost their lives this evening”. It will be the end of us but it will sink him too". They were followed shortly afterwards by a group of 23 Mitsubishi G3M "Nell" bombers from the Genzan Air Group that inflicted no damage as they dropped their bombs from high altitude. Another group of six B5Ns attacked without effect at 11:30. HMS Cumberland (57) - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia He was in service during the Battle of the Rio de la Plata (that is the way crew members of the HMS Exeter referred to what I see written in English as the River Plate, and sometimes erroneously as other names). HMS Exeter (1697) was a 60-gun fourth-rate launched in 1697. HMS Exeter … HMS Exeter was to have been a frigate. [49] Three minutes later, Haguro changed the course of the battle when one of her shells penetrated the British ship's starboard aft twin four-inch gun mount before detonating in the 'B'[50] or aft boiler room,[51] knocking six of her boilers off-line[49] and killing 14 of her crew. Exeter was escorted by one Dutch and all three British destroyers in one group and the other cruisers and the American destroyers formed the other group. [59] Encounter and Pope were also lost; Encounter approximately fifteen minutes after Exeter, while Pope temporarily survived the initial melee, only to be sunk by several B5Ns a couple of hours later. The final attack was made by 17 Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" bombers of the Kanoya Air Group shortly before dark. Exeter was generally assigned to escorting convoys to and from Singapore during the Malayan Campaign, and she continued on those duties in early February 1942 as the Japanese prepared to invade the Dutch East Indies. She served in the Falklands War and the Gulf War, and was in service until she was decommissioned on 27 May 2009. [22], The junior officers on board during the action included Rodney Sturdee, later a rear admiral.[23]. Exeter was ordered two years after her sister ship York and her design incorporated improvements in light of experience with the latter. The third HMS Exeter was responsible for four Battle Honours in 1782 at Sadras, Providien, Negapatam and Trincomalee. Commissioned in September 1980, her first captain was Jeremy Dreyer, son of Lieutenant (later Admiral Sir Desmond) Dreyer, gunnery officer in HMS Ajax at the Battle of the River Plate. The pole masts were replaced by stronger tripod masts because the Type 279 early-warning radar had separate transmitting and receiving aerials, one at each masthead. His ship was hit twice more shortly afterwards, but her powerplant was not damaged and she remained seaworthy, although her aircraft had to be jettisoned. Exeter was one of three British cruisers that fought the German pock… [8] In 1934–1935, two quadruple mounts for Vickers 0.5 in (12.7 mm) antiaircraft machineguns replaced the pair of two-pounder "pom-poms" originally installed. She served in the Falklands War and the Gulf War, and was in service until she was decommissioned on 27 May 2009. Exeter thus returned to Colombo the next day (11 December)[33] and spent the next two months – until almost mid-February 1942 – escorting convoys (primarily from Bombay and Colombo)[38] bound for Singapore – which fell to the Japanese on 15 February. ABOUKIR, cruiser, … [46], Aware of Doorman's movements, the Japanese commander, Rear Admiral Takeo Takagi, detached the convoy's two escorting destroyer flotillas, each consisting of a light cruiser and seven destroyers, to intercept the Allied ships in conjunction with his own pair of heavy cruisers (Nachi and Haguro) which were escorted by a pair of destroyers. [20], Exeter made for Port Stanley for emergency repairs which took until January 1940. In addition, one G4M crashed while attempting to land, and another was badly damaged upon landing. [16], Captain Hans Langsdorff decided to engage the British and closed at full speed. [58] The Allied ships laid smoke and turned away to the east with the Japanese to their north and south. [12], Exeter, the fourth ship of her name to serve in the Royal Navy,[13] was laid down on 1 August 1928, launched on 18 July 1929 and completed on 27 July 1931. Aside from a temporary deployment with the Mediterranean Fleet during the Abyssinia Crisis of 1935–36, she spent the bulk of the 1930s assigned to the Atlantic Fleet or the North America and West Indies Station. They claimed to have made two hits on the Jupiter, but actually they missed the British destroyer. Guildhall Luncheon For River Plate Heroes. Following that battle, HMS Exeter went onto further battles and met its demise at the hands of the Japanese on 1st March 1942, with the loss of 50 men. In return, the cruiser had hit Admiral Graf Spee three times; one shell penetrated her main armour belt and narrowly missed detonating in one of her engine rooms, but the most important of these disabled her oil-purification equipment. Meanwhile, the Exeter continued south to Surabaya, escorted by Encounter and the Dutch destroyer Witte de With. This action resulted in the scuttling of the Admiral Graf Spee several days later. Escorted by six American and three Dutch destroyers, the force departed that afternoon. HMS Exeter was the second and last York-class heavy cruiser built for the Royal Navy during the late 1920s. Just as his leading ships were entering harbour, he received reports of enemy ships 90 miles (140 km) to the north and Doorman ordered his ships to turn about to intercept them. Two others were seen closing in, and both launched their aircraft before opening fire at about 09:30. . The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. After her repairs were completed, the ship spent most of 1941 on convoy escort duties before she was transferred to the Far East after the start of the Pacific War in December. The Dutch Rear Admiral Karel Doorman, commanding the force, took his ships through the Gaspar Strait and then northwest towards Bangka Island. Battle Honours: River Plate 1939, Malaya 1942, Sunda Strait 1942 . River Plate Heroes Convalescing. For some reason, two Japanese destroyers continued to close before firing their torpedoes at 6,500 yards (5,900 m) and Encounter and Electra pulled out of line to counter-attack. Exeter was one of three British cruisers that fought the German pocket battleship, the Admiral Graf Spee, later that year in the Battle of the River Plate. HMS Exeter was involved in one of the most significant sea battles of the 2nd World War, The Battle of the River Plate. Inside Out follows the ship's veterans on an emotional journey to … Button. Her second torpedo attack at 06:43 was also unsuccessful. The New Zealand contingent joined British forces aboard the HMS Achilles, the HMS Exeter and HMS Ajax on the mission. 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