Around 800BC people in Britain learned how to use iron. These whopping great constructions started to appear around 1,000 BC and remained in use until the Roman conquest. The population of Britain was exceedingly large during the Iron Age, so it is inconceiveable that everyone in the tribe lived within the confines of their local fort. In Britain the end of the Iron Age is linked to the spread of Roman culture following the Roman invasion of 43 AD. A full lesson for KS2 introducing Iron Age hillforts. During the Iron Age, iron material was commonly used to make tools, so the era was named after it. Raksha gives us a real insight into the life and times of higher status hunter-gatherers in the Old Stone Age by looking at The Red Lady of Paviland, one of the oldest skeletons found in Britain. Colchester was one such large Celtic settlement. The vast multiple ramparts enclose an area the size of 50 football pitches! The Iron Age is the domain of archaeologists, who excavate sites and interpret what they discover. Ironworking first began in what is now Turkey between 1500 and 1300 BCE but the new technology was kept secret at first. The hill fort was considered a temporary retreat. Gain chronological knowledge and understanding of the timeline Stone-Bronze-Iron-Roman history and about Iron Age hill forts: tribal kingdoms, farming, art and culture. By the end of Key Stage 2, children will learn about life in Britain during the Stone and Iron Ages. A community of 300 to 400 people lived here for more than 400 years. Some hill forts were almost like small towns. A date such as 3000BC means 3000 years before the year 1 AD (there was no year zero) iron to make tools, and A.D. – means Anno Domini in Latin which stands for ‘in the year of our lord’. these hill forts had their heyday in the Iron Age and were abandoned by the end of the first century. The Celts KS2 for kids learning the history of Celts, the Iron Age facts, Celtic life, Boudicca, roundhouses, food & weapons. Hill Forts Information Sheet - The Iron Age KS2. The resource includes a detailed lesson plan, Powerpoint and pupil resource sheets.What was life like in an Iron Age hill fort?Pupils will discover what life was like in an Iron Age hill fort in Britain. (Redirected from List of hill forts in England) There are 1,224 hill forts in England. The following list represents ten of the most impressive examples. Some are interpreted as being defensive, some for settlement, some for storing grain and others simply for showing off. Contour forts are those "...in which the defences cut off the upper portion of a hill from the ground below by following, more or less, … Raksha explores the importance of flint to Stone Age man. ramps and ditches, which were supposed to delay and confuse attackers. We can still see evidence of some of them today. Integration into Stainton School Long Term plan . We find out how it was built - with a succession of steeply-rising ramparts and ditches - and about the weapons they used to defend the entrance. The number of these such ramparts differs in Iron Age British hillforts; some, which are known as univallate, are single-rampart only, whilst others, known as multivallate, are multi-rampart forts. The Iron Age began in around 1200 BCE when the use of iron had become widespread in the Eastern Mediterranean. In Britain, the Iron Age began in about 800BC and, as its name suggests, it came about when people discovered how to produce iron. The video explores how and where these hill forts were built and which locations and methods were used to protect inhabitants from enemy attack. A new guide, produced by the National Trust and available to download below, introduces you to the Iron Age hillforts of Dorset. Teachers and pupils could develop timelines of British history, indicating in which era hill forts were built and then explore what existed before and after hill forts as part of a historical study. But unless the fine was under attack, they stood empty, waiting until they were needed. Topics include Iron Age hill forts and Iron Age art.1 . Key Question 6. The site, covering 5 hectares (12 acres), was excavated in the 1970s. There are around 2000 known hill forts in Britain, with some 1300 in England, another 600 in Wales and the remainder in Scotland. 1. An introduction for KS1/KS2 pupils to the impact of the digital revolution over the past 50 years. Milber Down hillfort is an Iron Age multivallate hill-slope fortification, consisting of four roughly concentric and fairly widely spaced ramparts with outer ditches, situated on a hill slope. There are Bronze Age burial mounds on the right hand end of the castle. The largest and most complex Iron Age hill fort in Britain today is Maiden Castle in Dorset. KS2 children label the features of an Iron Age hillfort and explain the purpose of each feature. It describes the Iron Age population of Britain and how they lived in tribal communities. Research into life in Danebury in the Iron Age and find hill forts using grid references. What advantage did this offer? But if there’s one thing they have in common, it’s that they’re all ontop of hills, right? Aerial Iron age hill forts and settlements of the Britain . The resource includes a detailed lesson plan, Powerpoint and pupil resource sheets. It can be used to discuss the process of building hill forts and to consider the lives of people living inside them. Iron Age Clothing (KS2) Explained. The late Stone Age/ early Bronze Age people who lived there built a massive ditch and bank some 545 metres in length. Ye olde – The ‘golden age’ for hill fort construction was between 500 BC and AD 50. This clip is from the series Ancient Voices. (KS2: Iron Age Hillforts, tribal kingdoms, farming, art and culture) (KS2: The Roman Empire and its impact on Britain) What is Milber Down hillfort? Among the many things the Romans did for us was to construct roads, towns and an urban culture, and those Iron Age castles in the air were gradually abandoned to become the evocative, lonely monuments they are today. As well as small communities, there were also large settlements and heavily defended forts. This lesson encourages pupils to engage imaginatively with this historical setting and reflect on how life in this period might have been different to life today, making a storyboard to record their ideas. The Celts did not like to live closely together. The largest and most complex Iron Age hill fort in Britain today is Maiden Castle in Dorset. Raksha visits an Iron Age mine in the Forest of Dean and explores iron mining. Use in conjunction with our Hill Fort Activity Sheets.Tags in this resource: Hands-on-Potters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngPotters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngSculpting-Hands-Clay-Pottery-KS2.png After viewing the video, teachers could ask pupils to create their own case studies of hill forts and to annotate maps to show where these might have been built. There is, however, evidence of a much longer period of use at many forts, stretching back as far as the Neolithic. Defended hilltops are known from the Neolithic period (c3000BC) onwards, but it was the Iron Age (c800BC – cAD60) that witnessed the main construction of hillforts. Raksha explores Maiden Castle – the biggest Iron Age Hill Fort in Britain. Sometimes groups of houses were built on the top of hills. It is likely that woollen products and grain were traded in exchange for these. Teaching Outcomes: To explore what life was like at Danebury hill fort. Children … An iron age hill fort with an intricate maze of . Pupils could carry out fieldwork to explore the shape of the land around hill forts and see if they can find evidence of the remains of hill forts in these locations. Working in groups, pupils could discuss why they think these locations were chosen and how they would have offered protection from enemies to people living inside them. These forts were surrounded by walls and ditches and warriors defended their people from enemy attacks and inside the hill forts, families lived in round houses. Could also be used to compare and contrast life between the Stone Age and the Iron Age – what has changed and what has stayed the same? The video also shows how the remains of some of these hill forts can still be seen in the United Kingdom today. Hill forts were huge things that could hold everyone in the village in times of attack. But unless the fine was under attack, they stood empty, waiting until they were needed. The walls and ditches commonly followed the natural contours of the hill upon which the settlement was constructed. These are called hill-forts. Some are ovoid, some are rectilinear, some have single ramparts (known as univallate hillforts) and some have many (known as multivallate). Halloween in our shop. Apr 28, 2014 - A full lesson introducing Iron Age hillforts. While the most famous ones (like Ingleborough, Castle Bank and Old Oswes… The Iron Age began in around 1200 BCE when the use of iron had become widespread in the Eastern Mediterranean. Tweet. There are 4,174 hillforts dotted all over the British Isles and Ireland, making them one of the most prolific and well known legacies of the Iron Age. As Danebury had few natural resources it relied on trade with other areas to get iron, tin, copper, salt, shale and stone. They will develop knowledge about the purpose of hill forts… Share. Learning about the Iron Age begins in lower Key Stage 2, which is Year 3. Iron mining in the Forest of Dean dates back nearly 2,500 years where iron ore was found near the surface. An introduction for KS1/KS2 pupils to why and how the Romans built a network of roads in Britain. At this time, most people across Britain and Ireland lived in Celtic tribes. It is easy to understand why our ancestors chose these places in which to live and to defend themselves. Hill Fort Worksheet - The Iron Age KS2. What Are KS2 Kids Taught About The Iron Age? The main two are contour and promontory forts, and the lesser two are hill-slope and plateau forts. Its earliest fortification dates to the Neolithic period, ca 3200-2500 BC. Feedback welcome!KS1 one lesson planKS1 resources packKS2 four lesson plansKS2 resources pack Crickley Hill is an Iron Age site in the Cotswold hills of Gloucestershire. Were common across Britain until the Romans built a network of roads in Britain Age mine in Iron... 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